You must have heard a proverb which says that “the eyes are the windows to the world”. Proverb just certainly not without significance, since the eye is a very important limb for our lives. Without it, we may not have a sense of vision. Thus, we must be grateful because we are still able to enjoy a variety of beauty that exist in this world, because our eyes healthy.
But did you know that the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that there are approximately 180 million people in the world who has a visual impairment, and about 40-45 million of them blind? At least 7 million people worldwide become blind every year. Tragically, as many as 80% of cases of blindness and serious vision loss could have been avoided.
Therefore, do not regard lightly the health of your eyes. Protect your eyes and your vision with the following tips.
You already know that smoking is injurious to health. However, you may not know that there is a direct link between smoking and eye problems. If you are a smoker, you are likely to develop a number of eye diseases such as cataracts, macular degeneration, dry eye syndrome and optic nerve damage. If you’ve tried to quit before and failed, try again. Studies show that the more you try to quit smoking, the greater your chances of success.
Control your blood pressure and blood sugar
High blood pressure (hypertension) are not treated can affect vision and even lead to hypertensive retinopathy, which is damage to the retina due to blood pressure is too strong. The retina is the layer of tissue at the back of the eye. Damage to the retina causes vision impaired.
Diabetes is one of the leading causes of blindness in adults. Prolonged high blood glucose can lead to diabetic retinopathy and other eye complications such as glaucoma and cataracts. When you have diabetes, it is advisable for you to eat healthy foods, check blood sugar regularly and taking medicine or taking insulin injections as instructed doctors.
Get the best nutrition for eyes
Protect your eyes with the food on your plate. Eat foods rich in antioxidants. Antioxidants can protect and improve eye cells and cells of the entire body from damage by free radicals. Fruits and vegetables tend to be colorful rich in antioxidants.
In addition to antioxidants, particularly vitamin A is necessary for eye health maintenance. Vitamin A supports the production of eye pigment rhodopsin, which is highly sensitive to light and are used to seeing in poor lighting conditions. Vitamin A deficiency causes night blindness disease called (java: kotok chicken) where one can not see in the dim light. Carrots are a major source of pro-vitamin A.
Protect your eyes from the sun
Exposure to sunlight can continually cause cataracts and macular degeneration. This is due to the ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun penetrate the retina, causing eye damage. To prevent harmful UV rays, wear sunglasses designed specifically to protect the eyes when you’re out in the sun for a long time. Glasses are generally provide UV protection up to 99% or 100%.
Use eye protection
If you work with hazardous materials, wear safety glasses to protect your eyes from injury, damage, and blindness. Wear goggles or helmet mirror when you are riding a motorcycle. Certain sports such as tennis, hockey and swimming can also harm or risk of eye damage. Wear eye protection such as helmets and goggles to protect your sport.
Make a good habit for the eyes
Although eye problems are generally associated with damage or aging, eye problems can also be caused by bad habits. Focusing on a fixed distance in a long time, like staring at a computer screen or reading for hours, is one of them. The muscles of your eyes will be locked in a fixed position so that the loss of flexibility, the objects are very close or very far to look blurry.
Take rest breaks and shift your gaze on distant objects to help prevent this problem. Regular eye exercises can also help restore vision and prevent problems in the future. Examples of eye exercises are alternately focus on objects near and far, as well as focusing on the same object with different angles.
Visit your eye doctor
Visit your eye doctor to monitor your eye health before problems arise. A visit to the eye doctor for regular checkups can be done every one or two years, more often if you wear glasses or contact lenses. Immediately visit the eye doctor if you experience eye infections or symptoms such as reduced vision, blurred vision, eye pain / redness and itching around the eyes or eyelids due to infection or chronic eye disease that can lead to permanent damage or blindness.
So, keep your most precious senses from now.